By Rachel Nordlinger, Felicity Meakins
This quantity is a grammatical description of Bilinarra, an endangered Australian language. This paintings attracts on fabrics gathered over a 20-year interval from the final first-language audio system of the language, such a lot of whom have for the reason that kicked the bucket. designated awareness is paid to all elements of the grammar, with all examples supplied with linked sound records.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Bilinarra: An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory
In particular, Bilinarra women were credited with passing on Jarrarda ceremony to other women in the region, such as the Gurindji. Berndt reports that at this time Bilinarra women were still receiving new Jarrarda 24 The language and its speakers Figure 5: Barbara Warrmuya Bobby and Mildred Milmarriya Gumingga Hector at Hector Waitbiari†’s ‘holiday camp’. Barbara and Mildred used to come here as little girls with their father, Hector. Paintings on the rock overhang can be seen in this photo. (Photo: Felicity Meakins 2003) songs through dreams.
2). 1). g. Blake 1987). NPs in Bilinarra do not specify deﬁniteness (although sometimes the demonstrative nyila ‘that’ is used for this purpose). 3). Bilinarra is a morphologically ergative language (Dixon 1972, 1994; Van Valin, 1981) with a split case marking system which follows a commonly observed division along free versus bound nominals (Dixon 1994). 3). Morphologically, however, there is a three-way marking split between nouns, bound pronouns and free pronouns. e. the forms are homophonous), and an ergative pattern in the noun system arises from syncretism between the nominative and accusative case forms.
The wood for gawarla and other wooden implements was cut by both men and women and these artefacts were also made using gurrwa ‘axes’ and ngarlaardgu ‘chisels’. Gawarla were also used for carrying babies and for boiling water and cooking berries and bush medicines using hot, ﬂat rocks. The men used other tools, including diﬀerent types of spears such as nguni ‘shovel-nosed spears’, often thrown using warlmayi ‘woomeras’. Men attached the heads of spears, chisels and axes using jigala ‘spinifex wax’ and gumbun ‘animal tendons’.
A Grammar of Bilinarra: An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory by Rachel Nordlinger, Felicity Meakins